Shift in perspective?

We can take three different points of view to look at our political & economic interests

  1. First-person perspective: That is your personal perspective. Are you going to buy a new smartphone? Do you really need a fifth pair of sneakers?
  2. Third-party perspective:  Who will win the raw materials for your smartphone and under what conditions are the raw materials mined?
  3. Perspective of the system: Who guarantees that there are no bad health effects from your sneakers/mobile? How can I influence the system for better working conditions?

What is...?

I. First-perspective

  • How important is it for me?
  • Does it concern me?
  • What are my feelings with it?

II. Third-party perspective

  • What actors/instutions are involved?
  • Whose interests are represented?
  • What is the balance of power?

III. Perspective of the system

  • What is the balance of power?
  • What is the problem/controversy?
  • How did it come to status quo?

What is possible?

I. First-person perspective

  • What are my ideas/wishes?
  • Is it of any necessity to me?
  • What are my personal goals?
  • What needs to be done to solve the problem?

II. Third-party perspective

  • Is there any agreement or disagreement?
  • How can we find / come to a compromise?
  • How can I improve / change the situation for me and for other actors?
  • Are there possible solutions?
  • Are there possible consequences?
  • What interdependence(s) does our action have?
  • What are the chances / risks / dangers?

III. Perspective of the system

  • What can change / improve status quo?
  • What are possible consequences of action / not taking action?
  • What does a possible systemic solution look like?
  • What are the chances / risks / dangers?

What shall be?

I. First-perspective

  • What is the benefit for me?
  • Are my ethical limits observed?
  • What do I want to do to change the situation?
  • Which solutions, agreements, compromises can I find / agree on?

II. Third-party perspective

  • How can we solve the problem?
  • How can we establish a balance of power?
  • What law or law changes are applicable to find a solution for others?
  • What solution / compromise / agreement can be made possible?

III. Perspective of the system

  • Shall there be a division of power?
  • How is law enforcement build up?
  • How shall the system be build up / changed / altered to solve the problem?
  • How shall scarce resources be distributed?
  • What shall a balance between freedom and safety / security look like?
  • How can negative externalities be avoided if appearing?

How to solve problems using criteria?


Does the decision / proposal meet…

  • efficiency fairness? (Leistungsgerechtigkeit)
    Are the wages performance based? Is individual performance observed/considered/taken into account of?
  • needs-based fairness?
    (Bedarfsgerechtigkeit) Are the needs in line with / meet the demands of the actors?
  • principal of equality?

    Do all actors have the same chances/treated equally?
  • generation fairness?

    Are the needs and interests of future generations considered?
  • Does it offer a permanent solution?
  • Does the decision / the proposal / demand guarantee…
    • ecological sustainability?
    • economical sustainability?
    • social sustainability?
  • Does it establish democratic order?
  • Does it establish politically sustainable development?
  • Can the aim be reached using less ambitious means / lower requirements?
  • Does reaching the aim justify the applied means / the effort made use of?

Are the interests (positions) of social groups adequately represented?


Does the decision / proposal / demand guarantee the

    • inner
    • outer

… security?


Are there similar chances of social groups for participating adequately in political decision-making process?


Is the solution of the problem suitable to reach the targeted aim?

There may also be criteria like fairness or sustainability included/intended.


Are the decisions taken solved on the lowest possible level?

Human dignity?

In how far are human dignity and human rights considered?

Personal freedom?
  • Is the sphere of personal privacy protected?
  • Are a free decision making chance, the religious respect, the ideological idea of freedom, free communication, free economic range of action guaranteed?
  • Is the decision / action legitimate and justifiable?
  • (Includes criteria such as Human Dignity, Freedom, Participation, Solidarity, Fairness, Transparency and others)

Is everyone treated equally?

  • Do the procedures of the decision making process and the decisions finally made correspond/match with/meet the legal basis for applied legislation?
  • Basic Rights/fundamental rights?
  • Is it a public decision-making process?
  • Is the influence taken by different interest groups open to the public?
Private and Public
  • What life areas shall be regulated by the state and which not?
  • What forms of private coexistence are being promoted / favoured?
  • What is the difference between acting in a private sphere in comparison to the public sphere?
  • How can privacy be protected in present times of digitisation?
  • Which role do the media have in public discourse?
Power and Decision Making
  • Which authority does decide in which (official) channels?
  • Who can decide and which legitimation does he/she have to do so? 
  • What possibility do the citizens have to influence the decision-making process?
Scarcity and Distribution
  • How shall the use of scarce resources be organised and how shall it be implemented?
  • In a world of scarce resources: How can we distribute the resources in a fair/just/efficient way?
Interests and Common Good
  • What is ‚good’ politics?
  • What values are important/necessary in our society?
  • What is ‚public good’ in the first place and how can it be measured?
  • Which role do democratic dispute resolutions play in society?
Policy, Rules and Law
  • Which policies / regulations / directives / recommendations give ruling on the political or economical scope of action?
  • How are violations detected and societal problems solved?
  • How do policies / regulations / directives / recommendations influence behaviour?
Order and Structure
  • How can a political system be structured? Which structural principles are important?
  • Polity: Which interdependencies  are there between the institutions?
  • Which economic order/system is most efficient to solve the problem?
Privacy Settings
We use cookies to enhance your experience while using our website. If you are using our Services via a browser you can restrict, block or remove cookies through your web browser settings. We also use content and scripts from third parties that may use tracking technologies. You can selectively provide your consent below to allow such third party embeds. For complete information about the cookies we use, data we collect and how we process them, please check our Privacy Policy
Consent to display content from - Youtube
Consent to display content from - Vimeo
Google Maps
Consent to display content from - Google
error: Content is protected !!